Genital Herpes

  • Sexually transmitted infection (STI) caused by herpes simplex virus (HSV)

Signs and Symptoms

There are two types of viruses that can cause herpes:

  • HSV-1: commonly causes cold sores or fever blisters on the lips
  • HSV-2: most common cause of sores or blisters on the genitals


Once you are infected with the virus, you carry it for life. Herpes spreads through direct contact with the skin of an infected person.

It is spread to others most easily while sores are present. However, the virus may be on the skin even when there are no sores or blisters and be passed on to a partner during sexual activity.


  • No cure at this time
  • Antiviral medications may heal sores more quickly if taken as soon as itching or early blisters signal outbreak coming (may also reduce repeat outbreaks)

This information is for general knowledge only and does not replace professional medical advice. For STI testing or more information, contact our confidential sexual health clinic at 519-753-4937 ext. 471.