MPOX

What is it:

Mpox is a viral infection caused by the MPXV virus. It is part of the same family as smallpox, but is typically less severe. Mpox is characterized by a rash that may be painful. Most people recover on their own after a few weeks.

Spread/Transmission:

  • Person-to-person through contact with lesions, skin scabs, body fluids or respiratory secretions
  • Contact with materials contaminated with the virus (i.e. clothing, bedding, shared utensils)
  • Mother to infant during pregnancy or birth
  • Infected animals to humans (infrequent)

Signs & Symptoms:

  • Typical symptoms starting 1-3 days before rash develops:
    • Chills
    • Headache
    • Fatigue
    • Swollen lymph nodes
    • Back/joint/muscle pain
    • Sore Throat
    • Rectal Pain
  • Rash or skin lesions (can be painful)
    • can affect any part of the body including face and mouth, arms and legs, hands and feet, anus, rectum and genitals.
    • Usually lasts 2-4 weeks; progresses through stages until they form scabs that fall off

Treatment:

  • Symptom management including wound care and pain control
  • Treating complications
  • Antiviral treatment for severely ill disease (TPoxx)

Prevention:

  • Vaccination with Imvamune: Mpox Vaccine Information
    • Pre-exposure vaccination for high-risk individuals (speak with your health care provider to determine if you are eligible)
    • Post-exposure vaccination for close contacts of a case
  • Case Isolation to prevent further spread
  • Use condoms and practice safe sex
  • Avoid close physical contact (including sexual contact) with someone who has been exposed to the virus
  • Avoid skin-to-skin contact with mpox rashes or lesions
  • Avoid sharing objects such as toothbrushes, utensils, sex toys or drug equipment
  • Avoid touching bedding and laundry that has been in contact with someone who has mpox
  • Clean and disinfect high touch surfaces (such as door handles and phones)
  • Use personal protective equipment such as disposable gloves and mask when caring for someone at home with mpox
  • Practice frequent hand hygiene by cleaning your hands with soap and water or an alcohol-based hand sanitizer

What to Do:

If you have symptoms consistent with Mpox, self-isolate in your home away from others you live with. Contact your doctor’s office or walk in-clinic for assessment and testing. Seek medical attention at the hospital if you experience a medical emergency. It is important to notify your doctor’s office or hospital in advance, so that proper precautions can be taken to prevent potential transmission upon your arrival.

If you have had close contact with a person who has mpox, you may be recommended to get a post-exposure vaccination. You should monitor for signs and symptoms for 21 days from your last exposure. If any symptoms develop, self-isolate immediately and notify your health care provider.

Exclusion:

You will need to self-isolate in your home, away from other household members until your test results are received. If positive, you will be required to continue self-isolation until all scabs have fallen off and new skin has formed. Public Health will provide further information on how and when to come out of self-isolation.