Natural bodies of water, such as beaches, are great places to play, swim, and cool off on a hot sunny day. Since it is a natural body of water, the conditions and quality of the water can change quickly due to rain, wind, waves and waterfowl. These factors can change the level of bacteria in the water to the point where it can make you sick.

Before entering the water at a beach, keep the following in mind: 

  • Swallowing water is the main way you can get sick from swimming at beaches.
  • Has there been a heavy rain in the last 24-48 hours?
    • Rainfall has a significant impact on water quality. Run off from the rain washes bacteria from the shore, fields and streets into streams, rivers and lakes.
  • Is it windy with a lot of wave action?
    • Wind can cause waves, and wave action can stir up the sand and silt. This can cause high levels of bacteria in the water.
  • Is the water cloudy?
    • If you can’t see your feet when standing in waist deep water, it means the sand and silt has been stirred up in the water and can increase the levels of bacteria in the water.
  • Wash hands or use hand sanitizer after playing in the sand or water, and always before eating, especially for children.
    • Bacteria levels tend to be higher in the warm, wet sand on the shore.
  • The presence of seagulls, geese, ducks and their droppings can have a significant impact on water quality. Dead fish, algae/scum, or debris in the water can also increase the risk of illness or injury.
  • Have you been sick?
    • Avoid swimming if you have an infection or an open wound. Do not put your head underwater if you are susceptible to eye, ear, nose, or throat infections.

Beach Closures

A beach closure prohibits swimming due to a chemical or sewage spill, or the presence of Blue-green Algae.

* Content used with permission from the Wellington-Dufferin-Guelph Health Unit.